Prior to the 1790s, dressing up in classical costumes only

Fashion During and After the French Revolution 1790 to 1810

Canada Goose sale Fashion Flashback: Given that fashion was instrumental in the creation of Canada, this blog series explores the development of what Canadians canada goose outlet store new york wore one era at a time. Canada Goose sale

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This week we continue our look at the fashion landscape in Canada both during and canada goose outlet eu in the years canada goose womens outlet after the French Revolution. With men fashion we saw that the decade long political turmoil in France led to the beginning of the move to a more recognizably modern look. Now it time for the ladies. Did their apparel also move towards modernity?

canada goose black friday sale Spoiler Alert: Nope. Not by a long shot. canada goose black friday sale

buy canada goose jacket The causes of the French Revolution were far more complicated than the ill fated Marie Antoinette wardrobe, but the overly lavish lifestyles of the French monarchy certainly fueled the fire of the angry, poor masses. As such, one would think women fashion post revolution would have moved away from decadence and become more simplistic. After all, that is what happened with men clothing. However, although women fashion did become more simple and naturalistic for a time, this change did not last. Rather, fashion historians state that the overall effect that the Revolution had on women fashion was deeply reactionary. buy canada goose jacket

cheap Canada Goose Just how reactionary? Try two thousand years, give or take a century or two. Fashion designers looked to Ancient Greece and Rome for inspiration. During the 1790s, skirts remained full but were nothing like the craziness from before. Whereas necklines began to dip, waistlines canada goose outlet store uk began to rise and eventually transformed into the empire silhouette. The skirt started to get pulled more and more back to reveal more of the petticoat underneath, (the dress above is an excellent example of this). Drawstrings canada goose shop uk and ribbons, although used before, became especially popular because of their usage in creating the ideal waistline and puffy sleeves. cheap Canada Goose

Canada Goose Parka Madame Rcamier by canada goose outlet kokemuksia Francois Grard (1802) Canada Goose Parka

canada goose coats So why did fashion designers look to antiquity for inspiration? canada goose victoria parka outlet They were actually a bit late from the get go; European Neoclassicism began in the mid eighteenth century as a reaction to excesses of the Baroque and Rococo styles. The artistic principles of simplicity, symmetry, and reason from Ancient Greece and Rome overtook visual canada goose outlet store montreal arts, architecture, music, and finally women fashion. Neoclassical fashion for men never really took off. Which isn surprising, I mean, would you trade your new trousers for robes? Only Greco Roman hairstyles (aka short hair on men) became and stayed popular. canada goose coats

Surprisingly, Marie Antoinette was the one who canada goose outlet parka first popularized the look. Although she is most remembered for wearing gowns that neoclassicism was supposed to be rebelling against, she also was the first to wear the Chemise a la canada goose outlet 2015 Reine, (gown of the queen) the precursor to the empire silhouette. Although that style of dress came more from the canada goose outlet online uk European countryside than the Greco Roman world, its simplicity made it get tied into the rise of neoclassic fashion and things took off from there. Prior to the 1790s, dressing up in classical costumes only happened at themed balls or for portrait painting, but now it was the look of choice for women. Girls fashion followed suit, canada goose outlet in vancouver their waistlines went up and corsets were discarded for now as well. Also, although less wealthy women would not have been able to afford expensive fabrics (like sheer muslin from India), the shape of their dress was still influenced by neoclassicism.

Marie Antoinette en Chemise by lisabeth Vige Lebrun (1783)

Canada Goose Jackets The round gown is also considered to be a precursor to the empire gown. Its softer look contrasted the rigidity of Rococo dresses. Canada Goose Jackets

Cotton and Linen Dress with Empire Silhouette (c. 1800 1805) [Source]

Woman Dress (c. 1805 1810) [Source]

canada goose Josphine and Napoleon Bonaparte were tied to both the rise and fall of the empire silhouette. As Empress of France, Josphine influenced fashion trends and her love of neoclassical dresses undoubtedly helped with their popularity. Napoleon on the other hand helped sustain the fashion and eventually help bring about their end. Napoleon esteemed Greco Roman principles and neoclassical style became rampant throughout France. canada goose premium outlet However, later on he became worried about the French silk industry which was in serious decline by 1805. This, in addition to being at war with England, Napoleon suppressed the fabric trade by passing at decree that made it illegal for members of the court to wear anything but French materials. Essentially forced to use silk, designers slowly went back to older styles and by 1815 the white empire dress that was ubiquitous throughout the Napoleonic era was gone. canada goose

Josphine in Coronation Costume by Franois Grard (c. 1807 1808)

Canada Goose Outlet Not all of women fashion during this time fell into the neoclassical look. Riding coats or redingotes from England and big hats with tall feathers became popular. Riding coats had existed for a while, but it was only during the late 18th century that they became fashionable. They became less bulky and styled after menswear. With feathered hats, as big powdered wigs fell out of style, they were replaced with large hats. (Although anti aristocratic sentiment spelled the end of the wigs, the heaviness of the hats most likely sped up the abandonment of them). You may have noticed the tall feathers in the above Marie Antoinette en Chemise painting. Yes, she started this trend too. Hats were not only adorned with tall feathers, but women would often just stick one to two into their hair as an accessory. Canada Goose Outlet

canada goose clearance sale Woman’s Dress (Redingote) (c. 1790) [Source] Yes, this is the same dress from the top of the post. If you love this dress as much as I do, please click the link and flip through the 10 different pictures the LACMA has of it. canada goose clearance sale

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Part of the rise of the riding coat was due to the obvious fact that the lighter dresses required various outerwear to keep the wearer warm. British colonial women certainly were not strutting around York or Montreal in the winter in sheer muslin. Cloaks, wraps, spencers (short high waisted jackets), muffs, capes, pelisses, and regular coats were heavily worn. The Indian shawl was the most popular however because it could be worn both indoors and canada goose parka uk outdoors. Like the dresses of the time, these shawls were also made of silk, cashmere, and/or muslin.

White Muslin High Waisted and Short Sleeved Dress with Silver Dot Decoration and Shawl (c. 1808 1812) [Source]

canadian goose jacket The black slippers were are a good representation of what women canada goose outlet niagara falls wore on their feet, (during the warmer weather, naturally. Canadian winters = leather boots). High heels were discarded for a time in favor of thin, flat shoes made of velvet, silk, or leather. canadian goose jacket

Canada Goose online Julie Boucher de La Perrire by Louis Dulongpr (c. 1805). [Source] Fun fact! The National canada goose outlet shop Gallery of Canada notes that this is of the finest Canadian rococo portraits in existence. I guess rococo was not completely dead by this point, but the woman in the picture is definitely wearing an empire gown. Canada Goose online

buy canada goose jacket cheap Maria Sutherland by William Berczy (c. 1805 1806). [Source] Maria was a fur trader daughter and this portrait reflects the Greeco canada goose outlet toronto location Roman influence on hairstyles. Natural hair, soft curls, and ringlets that framed the face were extremely popular during this time. buy canada goose jacket cheap

canada goose clearance From the MET in Style exhibition canada goose outlet store quebec Jun. 17, 1960. Dresses from 1805 1810. [Source] canada goose clearance

canada goose coats on sale Aside from the whole throwback to the classical era, the other reason that the French Revolution had a reactionary effect on women fashion is that the shift towards the natural female form did not last. If you know anything about Victorian fashion, you will know that it is the complete opposite of the empire gown. (Actually, it was a backlash against it. The Victorian era viewed 1790 1810 fashion as highly immoral). In a canada goose outlet Canada Goose Jackets Outlet 80 off sense, as the 18th century canada goose jacket uk moved forward women fashion begins to once again look like it did prior to the Revolution. Women almost seem frozen in time whereas men fashion continued to progress towards modernity canada goose coats on sale.